The long term and cognitive functioning effects of ecstasy

Print Advertisement Susan Merle Gordon, director of research at the Caron Foundation, provides this description of the popular club drug and its effects.

The long term and cognitive functioning effects of ecstasy

It's technically known as 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine or MDMA and it works by being a reuptake inhibitor and releasing agent for the hormones serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain.

It is illegal to be in the possession of this drug and its use is limited to medical research at the moment.

The long term and cognitive functioning effects of ecstasy

In the late 's, this drug was used by psychotherapists due to its disinhibition effects. It worked well to help patients get to the root of their anxiety but it was being abused by other users for its aforementioned euphoric effects.

It was therefore criminalized due to this situation. The effect of the drug is noted to take place at around minutes after consumption. The peak effect is at around minutes and stays constant for another hours. The psychoactive effects of ecstasy include the following: Mild visual and auditory hallucinations.

Feelings of closeness with others. Increased sociability towards others.

The long term and cognitive functioning effects of ecstasy

Sensation, perception and sexuality are all enhanced. Adverse events Short term or immediate side effects of ecstasy can include the following issues: Hyperthermia Dehydration Life-threatening hyponatremia extremely low sodium levels in the blood which can affect brain function.

These are emergency situations and these patients need to be transferred to a casualty unit where their conditions need to be stabilized.Feb 27,  · Over long-term use, heavy MDMA users may suffer very damage to the serotonin system.

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3 Users who abuse or struggle with an addiction to MDMA or Ecstasy are more likely to suffer the more serious effects of extended use. By measuring the cognitive function of people with no history of ecstasy use and, one year later, identifying those who had used ecstasy at least ten times and remeasuring their performance, we have been able to start isolating the precise cognitive effects of .

Long-term effects of Ecstasy (MDMA) Long-lasting brain damage affecting thought and memory; Damage to portions of the brain that regulate critical functions such as learning, sleep and emotion. Ecstasy use is widespread across the globe, and has been for more than 20 years now.

What are MDMA’s effects on the brain? | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

To date Ecstasy's long term effects on the brain aren't well understood - . Long-term exposure to MDMA in humans has been shown to produce marked and impaired motor functioning.

Motor delays may be temporary during infancy or long-term. The severity of these developmental delays increases with heavier MDMA use.

The authors did not evaluate or rate the negative impact of ecstasy on the cognitive health . There are studies of long-term MDMA users that have indicated several other effects of heavy use of the drug: Global Form Processing: One study found that recreational MDMA use affected the users' ability to integrate local orientation information into a global form percept.

Short- & Long-Term Effects of Ecstasy - MDMA Side Effects on the Brain - Drug-Free World